Aroma is a word that describes the smell and/or taste of a flower or plant. Cannabis aroma examples are “earthy,” “skunky,” or “citrus.”
Butane Hash Oil is a potent concentrate of cannabinoids that is made by dissolving marijuana in plant form into a solvent, usually butane. This results in a thick, sticky oil that has very high THC levels. Also referred to as honey oil, dabs, earwax or shatter.
Bud refers to the flower of the mature marijuana plant. Containing the highest concentrations of active cannabinoids, the flowers are harvested and used for recreational or medicinal purposes.
Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant that offer a variety of health benefits.
Cannabis is a plant genus that yields three species of flowering plants:
Cannabis stavia– used to produce both recreational and medicinal marijuana.
Cannabis indica– used to produce both recreational and medicinal marijuana.
Cannabis ruderalis– contains a natural lower THC content and is growing in popularity.
CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol which is only one of the at least 85 cannabinoids that are found in cannabis. Research is continuing to show the effectiveness of CBD on pain, inflammation and anxiety. CBD does not have the psychoactive effects (the “high” feeling) associated with THC.
Concentrates are a potent consolidation of cannabinoids, created by dissolving marijuana in it’s plant form into a solvent. This results in a product that is very high in THC levels. The classification of concentrates is dependent on the manufacturing process. The resulting product can range from sticky, thick oils to mouldable goo.
A slang term used to describe high-quality cannabis that is sticky with a very strong aroma.
Any location where a patient or consumer can safely and legally access cannabis.
Edibles are medicated edible goods that have been infused with cannabis extracts in some way. Edibles are not only cookies or brownies. Today more chefs are experimenting with edibles and have infused coffee, butter, oils, breads and candies. When you consume edibles, the active components from the extracts take longer to take effect as they have to be absorbed through the digestive system.
The Entourage Effect
This new term describes the combined effort between terpenes and cannabinoids. Both compounds are found in the outer layer of the plant. This effect allows the medical benefits of cannabis to stand out. At the same time, it diminishes the psychoactive side effects. In fact, the two compounds work best together. As the name suggests, the two substances form an entourage; they assist each other.
While cannabis flowers don’t look like your traditional flowers, they are still the reproductive organ of the female plants. Flowers are the crystal-covered, sticky bits of the plant that are harvested and dried to be used as medication. If the flowers are fertilized by male plants, they will produce seeds. If they are not fertilized, they produce the resin that contains active cannabinoids.
A heirloom refers to a strain of cannabis plant that is taken from it’s native homeland and propagated in another geographical location.
Hemp is a fiberous product that is produced from the male cannabis plant and is used in the manufacture of paper, rope, food and beauty products, just to name a few. Hemp is from the male cannabis plant and have no value as a drug; however, hemp is still illegal in some places.
Marijuana is the general term for female cannabis plants. Females are different from male plants in that they contain a high percentage of cannabinoids that have medicinal and psychoactive properties.
Ruderalis is a low-THC variety of cannabis that many breeders use for it’s rich CBD genetics. Ruderalis is an “autoflowering” (does not depend on light to flower) and flowers with age. It is a very hardy plant that can survive very harsh climates.
Schwas is a word used to describe low quality marijuana. It is typically very dry and brown in colour.
Terpenes are responsible for the smell and flavor of the marijuana plant. They are responsible for inducing the entourage effect in marijuana. Terpenes are aromatic oils that color cannabis varieties with distinctive flavors like citrus, berry, mint, and pine. They play a key role in differentiating the effects of various cannabis strains. Some terpenes promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others promote focus and acuity. Even though about 200 of them are known to science, only a select few actually affect the aroma of the plant.
THC is an abbreviation for the word tetrahydrocannabinol. It is the component of the marijuana plant responsible for the psychoactive effects, or the “high” that is experienced. Research has also shown that THC can be an effective medical treatment for a range of conditions.
A tincture is a liquid cannabis extract that is usually made with alcohol or glycerol. It is often dosed with a dropper and placed under the tongue for faster absorption. Tinctures can be flavoured and the effects can be felt within minutes.